What is Electrocardiogram
What is Electrocardiogram:- An ECG (electrocardiogram) records the electrical activity of your heart in the remaining place. It provides information about your heart rate and rhythm, and shows that the increase in heart increases due to high blood pressure (hypertension) or previous cardiac attacks (myocardial infarction). However, it does not show that you have unbalanced obstructions in your arteries or predict your risk of future heart attacks. The rest of the ECG is different from stress or exercise ECG or cardiac imaging test. If you have risk factors for heart disease such as high blood pressure, or symptoms such as palpitations or chest pain, you may need an ECG test. Or you may need it if you already have heart disease. But in other cases, you can think twice about having this test done. Here’s why:
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Usually, you do not need an ECG if you don’t have risk factors for heart disease or symptoms that suggest possible heart disease.
This test is not useful in routine checks for patients with risk factors for heart disease such as risk factors for heart disease, heart disease such as chest pain. However, many people with any risk factors or features have an ECG as part of their regular checkups. There are better ways to prevent heart disease than regular ECG’s. The ECG will not hurt you. However, it sometimes shows a mild extraordinary abnormality that is not caused by heart disease, but leads to anxiety and follow-up tests and treatments that you do not need.
When are ECGs needed?
In some cases, this may be important to get the test. If you have risk factors for more blood pressure or heart problems such as chest pain, breathing problem, irregular heart beat, or heart beat, you may have an ECG. You may need testing for screening or professional requirements, or if you have a personal or family history of heart disease, diabetes or other risks and you want to start exercising.
How should you protect your heart?
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These steps can help protect your heart, whether you have heart disease or just want to prevent it.
Know your risks. Talk to your health care provider. Your risk of heart disease depends on many things, such as your age, sex, ethnicity, cholesterol, blood pressure, and if you smoke or have diabetes. Use the risk assessment test at www.heartandstroke.ca/ehealth.
Lower your risks. The best ways to lower your risk of heart disease are to:
- Be aware of your risk factors.
- Know and control your blood cholesterol.
- Be smoke-free.
- Be physically active.
- Know and control your blood pressure.
- Eat a healthy diet that is high in fibre, lower in fat, especially saturated and trans fats, lower in sodium, includes lots of fruit and vegetables, and includes portions of food that are in line with your level of physical activity.
- Achieve and maintain a healthy weight.
- Manage your diabetes.
- Limit alcohol use.
- Reduce stress.
- Visit your health care provider regularly and follow your health care provider’s advice.
Test your blood pressure, blood cholesterol and blood sugar according to your health care provider’s recommendations. These tests prove to help in measuring your risk of developing heart disease.
Blood pressure. You should test at least once a year using blood pressure cough. If you have been diagnosed with high blood pressure (or other related conditions), your health care provider will recommend that your blood pressure will be checked more frequently. Make sure to check your blood pressure often by asking your health care provider.
Cholesterol If you are a male and you have a blood test for cholesterol after more than 40 years of age and more than 50 or menopause, then you have heart disease, stroke, diabetes or high blood pressure, waist 102 cm. (40 inches) for men or 88 cm (35 inches) For women, you have a family history of heart disease or stroke. Your health care provider can advise how often you should check your cholesterol.
Blood sugar If you are over 40, you should test blood once every three years to measure your blood sugar (glucose). Very glucose can damage your blood vessels. If you have diabetes risk factors or are pregnant, then your blood sugar levels should be tested. Talk to your health care provider whether you need blood sugar or not.
If your blood pressure, blood cholesterol, or blood sugar is very high, reduce it to work with your health care provider. Most people reduce cholesterol and blood pressure and manage diabetes with lifestyle changes and medication. This reduces the risk of heart attack and stroke.